Top 100 Target Species potentially fruiting in October

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Non-lichenised Ascomycota

  Species (links to species information) Associated organisms/substrata When to look Localities Last recorded (pre project) Successful search (during project lifespan) British sites
Pre-1965 1965-June 2014 July 2014-present (LAFF) Extant (since 1965)
Biscogniauxia marginata In GB&I, on dead Malus bark. Known elsewhere from various hardwood species, mostly belonging to the Rosaceae Jan-Dec? England (NE Yorkshire). 1910   1 0 0 0
Cryptomyces maximus A weak parasite of Salix branches, sometimes associated with mechanical damage Feb-Dec, probably Jan-Dec. Recent records from Wales (Pembrokeshire), with a single new locality in Shropshire. 2013 Yes 5 7 22 24
Daldinia petriniae A Daldinia concentrica look-alike found on Alnus (alder). Jan-Dec Single sites recorded in North Hampshire, Surrey, Worcester, and Warwickshire. 1998 Yes 1 2 1 3
Encoelia carpini

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A fairly conspicuous brown discomycete on dead attached and fallen branches of Carpinus betulus (hornbeam). Jul-Oct Confirmed records from Surrey and Hertfordshire, possibly also from Kent. 2004 Yes 0 1 1 2
Geoglossum uliginosum An earthtongue from boggy areas, often associated with Sphagnum. Sept-Oct Scattered throughout England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. 2007 Yes 0 3 1 4
Hygrocybe marchii sensu Boertman edn. 1 A Hygrocybe coccinea lookalike with smaller constricted spores, found in grasslands. Aug-Nov Distribution undergoing reassessment due to past confusion regarding species concepts under this name. Most records of "marchii" in other databases may be H. reidii or other taxa. 2013   0 6 0 6

Hypocreopsis lichenoides

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Parasitic on Hymenochaetopsis tabacina (=Hymenochaete tabacina), usually found associated with Salix spp. Jan-Dec The only confirmed recent records are from Wales (Radnorshire), and now also from Scotland (Berwickshire). 1993 Yes 6 1 3 3
Hypoxylon fuscoides A Hypoxylon fuscum (hazel woodwart) lookalike, on Alnus or Betula spp. Jan-Dec? Known from Ireland (County Down and County Armagh), England (Derbyshire and Buckinghamshire), and Wales (Glamorgan). 2011 Yes 0 2 6 8
Microglossum atropurpureum A purple-brown to purple-black earthtongue with colourless spores, found in unimproved grassland. Aug-Feb Widely distributed but infrequently recorded in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. 2013 Yes 24 62 2 63
Phaeosphaeria silenes-acaulis A minute perithecial species found on dead leaves and bracts of Silene acaulis. May-Oct Reported from Scotland (Mull and Rhum); recently found also in Shetland and Snowdonia. 1974 Yes 2 1 2 3

Polystigma rubrum

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A parasitic ascomycete with bright red stromata on living leaves of blackthorn, cultivated plum and hybrids. May-Oct At one time widely distributed, but now much more restricted in location. Largely confined to the west coast of Ireland, SW England and west Wales, but also now known from SW Scotland. 2010 Yes 38 7 20 25
Poronia erici A fungus with a 3-8 mm diam. nail- or golf-tee like fruitbody growing in rabbit or pony dung; a Poronia punctata lookalike but smaller with larger spores. Mar-Nov? Known only from two sites in West Norfolk and one in East Suffolk. Possibly overlooked and more widely distributed, especially if mistaken for P. punctata. 2011 Yes 1 2 1 2
Rutstroemia johnstonii (=Dencoeliopsis johnstonii) Apparently restricted to stromata of Xenotypa aterrima, itself a rarely encountered species on recently dead branches of Betula. Jun-Oct Recent records from England (Surrey) and N Ireland (Londonderry); now also reported from Scotland (Berwickshire). 2006 Yes 1 1 2 3
Sporomega degenerans

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Saprobe or weak parasite on wood of Vaccinium uliginosum (bog bilberry). Jun-Jul (probably also later) Scotland (historical record from W Perthshire; now also reported from E Inverness and Moray) 1907 Yes 1 0 2 2

Thyronectria roseovirens

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In GB&I, on dead (burnt) wood of Ulex europaeus (gorse). Elsewhere on wood and bark of various legumes. Jan-Dec? England (S Hampshire); first found in 2014, re-found on the same site in 2015, and at three further locations in the New Forest. 2014 Yes 0 0 4 4
Xylaria crozonensis Probably a saprobe; known from bark of Betula, Corylus and Quercus. Mar-Nov England (VC2 East Cornwall, and VC1 West Cornwall). 2013 Yes 0 3 20 22

Larger Basidiomycota

  Species (links to species information) Associated organisms/substrata When to look Localities Last recorded (pre project) Successful search (during project lifespan) British sites  Maps 
Pre-1965 1965-June 2014 July 2014-present (LAFF) Extant (since 1965)
Amanita nivalis

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Ectomycorrhizal with Salix herbacea in montane dwarf shrub communities Jun-Oct Fairly widespread but infrequently recorded from the Grampians and North-West Highlands of Scotland, the Lake District in Cumbria, and Snowdonia in Caernarvonshire. 2013 Yes 4 23 9 27 Map
Amanita ovoidea Under Quercus ilex, and in calcareous grassland with Helianthemum. Jul-Oct Wiltshire and Isle of Wight. 2010 Yes 0 2 1 2 Map
Armillaria ectypa In marshes, upland bogs and reed beds. Jul-Oct Scattered throughout Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 2009 Yes 0 8 6 12 Map
Artomyces pyxidatus An elegantly whorled white to yellow to brown coral fungus with distinctive crown-like branch tips, found on rotten wood. Oct Known only from a single record in Worcestershire in 1896, and a recent rediscovery in East Suffolk in 2012. 2012   1 1 0 1 Map
Battarrea phalloides A distinctive fungus comprising a woody stalk supporting a rust-coloured powdery spore mass. Found in dry places, often in sandy soil on hedge banks and roadsides, often associated with ash (Fraxinus), Hawthorn (Crataegus) or elm (Ulmus). Jan-Dec Widely but sparsely distributed throughout the south of England, with strongholds in Norfolk and Suffolk. 2014 Yes 17 36 11 46 Map
  Boletus fechtneri A boletoid fungus found on lime rich soil with Beech (Fagus) Oak (Quercus) and sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa). Jul-Oct Recorded from scattered sites mainly in Southern England.  Confirmed from a single site in Herefordshire. 2010   0 16 0 16 Map

Bovista paludosa

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A small white puffball associated with mosses in calcareous fen habitats May-Oct Recent sites in England (Norfolk, Yorkshire and Westmorland),  Wales (Breconshire), and Scotland (Roxburghshire). 2005 Yes 3 3 2 5 Map
Bovista pusilla A very tiny puffball of 0.5-1.5 mm diameter, found on grey dune slacks. Previously known in Britain as B. limosa. Aug-Nov Known from England (South Lancashire, Westmorland); Wales (Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire and Glamorgan); and Scotland (Kincardineshire). Historically recorded in West Norfolk. 2014 Yes 1 11 4 14 Map
Buglossoporus quercinus A bracket fungus found on the exposed heartwood of old oak trees (Quercus) often in ancient deer parks and forest pastures. Jun-Oct (also Jan and Feb) Scattered throughout England and Wales, more frequent in the South East, with a single site in Scotland. 2014 Yes 11 65 13 67 Map
Chromosera citrinopallida A yellow waxcap from upland dwarf-shrub heaths, deep moss, unimproved grassland, drier areas of bogs and snow beds. Sept-Jan Known from Scotland (S Aberdeenshire, E Ross), Northern Ireland (Antrim). Records revised with those from grassland sites in England (Mid-west Yorkshire, S Lancashire, Herefordshire) and Wales (Radnor) considered misidentifications. 2008   0 3 0 3 Map
Chromosera lilacina A lilac to brownish orange waxcap from wet upland dwarf-shrub heaths, marshes and snow beds. Sept-Nov Recorded from the Cairngorms, Western Highlands and Mull in Scotland and Cheshire in England. 2010 Yes 4 11 2 13 Map
Dichomitus efibulatus (= Polyporus efibulatus) A poroid fungus causing a white rot on the dead attached wood or woody stems of blackthorn (Prunus), hazel (Corylus), gorse (Ulex) rose (Rosa) blackberry (Rubus) and hornbeam (Carpinus). Jan-Dec Most records are from South West England (Cornwall & Devon) it has also been found in S. Hampshire, the Isle of Wight and Guernsey. 2013   0 23 4 27 Map
Entoloma atromadidum A robust dark navy blue to grey Entoloma with an often slightly wrinkled cap margin, recently segregated from the Entoloma bloxamii species concept, with smaller spores than E. bloxamii s.s. Jul-Dec Known from a number of sites throughout England and Wales. NA Described as a new species as a result of project actions 0 8 11 17 Map
Entoloma bloxamii A stout light lilac to greyish Entoloma and large (7.5-10 micron diam.) spores. Recently epityped with DNA-barcoded material to stabilise the species concept. Jul-Dec Confirmed from a number of sites throughout England, and one from Wales. NA Yes 0 6 5 11 Map
Entoloma bloxamii sensu lato A stout "Big Blue Pinkgill" species concept comprising a number of biological species (E. atromadidum, E. bloxamii s.l., E. madidum and E. ochreoprunuloides f. hyacinthinum).  Unresolved historical and recent records can be recorded under this name. Jul-Dec Recorded throughout England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. 2014 Yes 26 112 18 124 Map
Entoloma madidum A stout bright neon-to-sky blue (fading to light grey) Entoloma with smaller spores (less than 7.5 microns) than E. bloxamii s.s. Recently neotyped to stabilise the species concept. Jul-Dec Confirmed from a number of sites in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. NA Yes 0 10 3 13 Map
Entoloma ochreoprunuloides and E. ochreoprunuloides f. hyacinthinum A stout Entoloma with a variety of different colour forms, including pinkish, brownish, and brownish with violet tones (the latter being forma hyacinthinum). E. ochreoprunuloides f. hyacinthinum has historically been confused with E. bloxamii and recorded under this name. It usually has smaller spores (less than 7.5 microns) than E. bloxamii s.s. Jul-Dec Confirmed from a number of sites in England and Wales. 2011 (described 2013) Yes 0 4 2 6 Map
Favolaschia calocera An unmistakeable small bracket fungus growing on rotten wood. Sept-Dec Found in a number of sites in Cornwall and S Devon, further localities within this area to be confirmed. 2014 Yes 0 1 11 11 Map
Geastrum marginatum A small earthstar found on sandy soil in coastal dunes, also recorded as Geastrum minimum (a dubious and ambiguous name globally). Sept-Nov Currently known from Norfolk and two sites in Cumbria. 2013 Yes 1 5 7 10 Map
Gliophorus europerplexus A reddish brown waxcap from unimproved grassland and mossy soil. Potentially endemic to Wales. Sept-Nov Only known from two sites, in Pembrokeshire and Merioneth. Possibly previously recorded as G. perplexus (=Hygrocybe psittacina var. perplexa), although a further undescribed species is also known to be present in GB&I. 2013 Yes 0 7 2 9 Map

Map of "G. perplexus"

Gliophorus reginae A pink- to purple-capped waxcap mushroom from unimproved grassland. Oct-Jan Recorded from scattered localities in south, central and NW England, west Wales and Northern Ireland. 2013 Yes 0 9 10 16 Map
Hericium coralloides A fungus with a white, branched, coral-like fruitbody of up to 25 cm diam., on fallen trunks and logs of Fagus sylvatica (common beech) and Fraxinus excelsior (common ash). Aug-Dec, occasionally also Jan-Feb. Widespread but infrequently recorded throughout south and east England, with occasional records as north as Yorkshire. A single record from Wales (in Monmouthshire VC35). 2015 Yes          
Hericium erinaceus A fungus with distinctive white football-sized fruitbodies, formed of downward-pointing spines 10-40 mm long, fruiting high up on exposed central deadwood of old standing Fagus or Quercus trees. Sept-Nov, with occasional records from earlier and later months. Widespread but infrequently recorded throughout south England, with occasional records as north as Cumbria; and in Denbeighshire and Monmouthshire in Wales. 2015 Yes          
Hohenbuehelia bonii An almost sessile (barely stalked), yellow-brown oyster mushroom growing at the base of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass). Sept-Jan Found in England (West Sussex and East Kent), Wales (Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire and Merionethshire), Scotland (East Lothian) and Ireland (Dublin). 2012 Described as a new species as a result of project actions 0 6 0 6 Map
Hohenbuehelia culmicola A small dark greyish brown to black oyster mushroom, with a well-developed stem fruiting on sand dunes near the base of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass). Sept-Feb Found in England (West Norfolk, North-east Yorkshire and Durham) Wales (Glamorgan and Carmarthenshire) Scotland (East Lothian) and Ireland (Dublin). 2008   0 7 0 7 Map
  Hygrocybe roseascens A grey waxcap with a pink tinge, found in upland pasture and hawthorn (Crataegus) scrub. Sept-Oct Recorded twice from a single site in Wales (Caernarvonshire). 2011   0 1 0 1 Map
Hygrocybe spadicea A brown waxcap with yellow gills, growing on unimproved grassland, often in well drained south facing situations on lime rich soil. Jun-Nov Scattered in England, Wales and Southern Scotland, more frequent in the west. 2010 Yes 4 44 1 44 Map
Mycena renati A reddish to pinkish-brown gilled fungus with a yellow stem, growing in groups or clusters on the dead wood of broadleaved trees. Jun-Oct Only recorded from England. Recent records are from West Sussex and Lincolnshire. 2002 Yes 5 5 3 7 Map
Paxillus cuprinus A light brown to dark coppery-brown gilled fungus found in open sunny places with birch (Betula) alder (Alnus) and hazel (Corylus). Aug-Nov (also May, possibly May-Nov) Currently only recorded in the UK in England (N E Yorkshire, Surrey and Middlesex) but likely to be widespread. 2014 Yes 0 1 17 18 Map
Perenniporia ochroleuca A small bracket fungus on branches of dead wood of mainly on blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) but also hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), and other hosts, in coastal areas. Distinctive due to its very distinctive, fine and regular pores. Jan-Dec Throughout Cornwall, along the south coast of England, Pembrokeshire, and the Channel Islands. 2014 Yes 0 24 42 58 Map
Podoscypha multizonata A fungus forming distinctive brown to reddish rosettes, usually near the base of beech or oak trees in parkland or woodland. July-Nov England where it is widespread but infrequently recorded, with only two records from Wales and a single historical record from Scotland. Of conservation concern because England hosts a large proportion of the global population. 2014 Yes 17 68 26 72 Map
Postia guttulata A white bracket fungus exuding drops of liquid when young, found on the wood of conifers including spruce (Picea) and cedar (Cedrus). Jul-Nov Recorded from England (Shropshire, Herefordshire, S Hampshire Surrey and E Sussex). 2013 Yes 1 5 11 14 Map
Sarcodontia crocea A yellowish resupinate tooth fungus found on mature fruit trees, mostly on apple (Malus) but sometimes pear (Pyrus) and Prunus species. Jul-Nov, also Feb. Throughout England, more frequent in the South East, with a single site in Scotland. 2013 Yes 10 22 10 32 Map
Simocybe centunculus var. maritima A small mushroom currently treated as a variety of Simocybe centunculus (dingy twiglet), but associated with dead leaf bases of Ammophilia arenaria (marram grass). Oct-Nov In Britain, known only from single records from Anglesey, Cardiganshire, Pembrokeshire and Glamorgan. 2006 Yes 0 3 1 4 Map

Tulostoma niveum

PDF - Species Datasheet

A minute stalked puffball in moss patches on top of limestone boulders Apr-Dec Only known from the Inchnadampf area (W Sutherland) (two main sites and three more distant sites from single records); a widespread population at Craig Leek SSSI in S Aberdeenshire; and a new site in Lismore, Argyll. 2013 Yes 0 7 3 8 Map
  Xerocomus silwoodensis A boletoid fungus with a reddish brown cap and red reticulation on the stem, in damp shaded areas with poplar and aspen (Populus) trees.  Jun-Oct England (Hertfordshire, Berkshire, Hampshire) 2010   0 3 0 3 Map

Rusts, Smuts and Allies

  Species (links to species information) Associated organisms/substrata When to look Localities Last recorded (pre project) Successful search (during project lifespan) British sites  Maps 
Pre-1965 1965-June 2014 July 2014-present (LAFF) Extant (since 1965)
Puccinia cicutae A rust on leaves of Cicuta virosa (cowbane). Jun-Oct Historically known only from the Fens in East Norfolk, and not recorded between 1956 and 2011. Recently recorded at one site in East Norfolk (2011), and one in East Suffolk (2012). 2012 Yes 7 5 2 6 Map
Pucciniastrum goodyerae A rust on leaves of the orchid Goodyera repens (creeping lady's-tresses). Apr-Nov

Historically known from Scotland, from Angus, Banffshire, East Inverness-shire, East Ross & Cromarty, East Sutherland, Lanarkshire, and Moray.

Only a few populations have been recently recorded, from East Inverness-shire, East Sutherland, and Fife.

1990 Yes 9 7 5 12 Map
Ustanciosporium gigantosporum

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An ovary smut of Rhynchospora alba (white beak-sedge). Aug-Nov Recent records from Dorset and Sutherland, but potentially much more widespread 1865 Yes 2 1 1 2 Map

Map of Top 100 Target species potentially fruiting in October

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith