There are immediate barriers to the full recognition of fungi within focused conservation management actions and overall priority-setting. These include the insufficient baseline data on distribution and the lack of formal conservation assessment (i.e. red-listing). Despite various efforts over the years, very few non-lichenized species have formally endorsed assessments under national legislation, and international assessment under IUCN guidelines has also been carried out for only a handful of species. A large proportion of the British species of non-lichenized fungi have insufficient distributional information for a clear assessment of threat, due to insufficient recording activity with very large numbers of species and a shortage of expert surveyors/identifiers. These would currently be considered as Data Deficient under the formal guidelines.
Most of the species pages in this website have some indication of conservation status. For almost all non-lichenized species this is an informal analysis of existing data, which may provide a pointer towards assessment in the future but which is not intended to take the place of a formal study. All the species targetted under the Lost & Found Fungi project will have formal assessments once the data gathering phase is complete.
Links are given below to red-lists and other information relevant to the British mycota. Red-lists are a snapshot in time, and of course become outdated more or less immediately they are published. Nevertheless, they are valuable documents which are used on a regular basis in conservation decision-making.
|Guidelines for selection of biological SSSIs||Guidelines for selection of biological SSSIs for non-lichenised and lichenised fungi in Great Britain, published by JNCC (2018).|
|Conservation Designations for UK Taxa||Conservation designations for UK taxa in Britain, compiled by JNCC from national legislative lists and other sources, and made available as a regularly updated spreadsheet.|
|A Conservation Evaluation of British Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi||Assessments on a national basis of almost all British lichenized fungi and many lichenicolous species, by Ray Woods & Brian Coppins (2012). Endorsed by JNCC.|
|Red List of Fungi for Great Britain: Boletaceae||Assessments on a national basis by Martyn Ainsworth, Justin Smith, Lynne Boddy, Bryn Dentinger, Michael Jordan, D. Parfitt, H.J. Rogers & Stuart Skeates. Endorsed by JNCC.|
|Red List of Fungi for Great Britain: Bankeraceae, Cantharellaceae, Geastraceae, Hericiaceae and selected genera of Agaricaceae (Battarrea, Bovista, Lycoperdon & Tulostoma) and Fomitopsidaceae (Piptoporus)||Assessments on a national basis by Justin Smith, Laura Martínez Suz and Martyn Ainsworth (2015, revised 2016). Awaiting endorsement by JNCC. A similar exercise is described on the website of the Fungus Conservation Trust|
|A Lichen Red Data List for Wales||Assessments of lichen species in Wales, by Ray Woods on behalf of Plantlife (2010).|
|Rust Fungus Red Data List and Census Catalogue for Wales||Assessments carried out by Ray Woods, Nigel Stringer, Debbie Evans and Arthur Chater (2015).|
|Smut and allied fungi of Wales. A Guide, Red Data List and Census Catalogue||Assessments by Ray Woods, Arthur Chater, Paul Smith, Nigel Stringer & Debbie Evans (2018)|
|Red Data List of Threatened British Fungi||Informal red list for a selection of species thought to be threatened, by Shelley Evans, Alick Henrici and Bruce Ing (2006).|
|The Global Fungal Red List Initiative||Website for a project endorsed by IUCN to carry out red data assessments for fungi on a global basis.|
|Applying IUCN red-listing criteria for assessing and reporting on the conservation status of fungal species||Valuable paper on the practicalities of red-listing, published in Fungal Ecology by Anders Dahlberg and Greg Mueller (2011).|
|SSSI Guidelines (Fungi)||Guidelines for the designation of sites as SSSIs due to their rich non-lichenized fungal assemblages, on a habitat basis (2018)|
|SSSI Guidelines (Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi) plus Appendix||Similar scope to the chapter for non-lichenized fungi (2018)|